Doug Tallamy, PhD., entomologist and author, returned to Fishers Island as part of the Fishers Island Conservancy’s Nature Days 2017.
Prof. Tallamy conducted tours of the Parade Grounds Saturday, August 12 and Sunday, August 13. He also spoke at a reception Saturday, August 12 at the Community Center.
Doug Tallamy is a University of Delaware entomologist who burst onto the scene after the 2007 publication of his book, Bringing Nature Home. Tallamy, who is happy to eschew “Prof.” and “Dr.”, became nationally recognized after he connected some ecological dots: Without native plants to feed native insects, there will not be enough food for birds and other animals.
Fishers Island Conservancy President Tom Sargent happened to read the book, which led to a phone call to the University of Delaware. Would Tallamy be willing to consult with the Conservancy about restoring the grassland on the Parade Grounds? The answer was an emphatic, “Yes.” Tallamy began advising the Conservancy in 2014.
“Fishers Island was of great interest to me, because it is an island, and therefore restorations have a greater chance of success,” Tallamy said. “There is no adjacent land to provide an endless and intrusive supply of invasives. There is just water.
“The restoration has moved relatively quickly, and Fishers Island has become a model for the restoration of eastern grasslands.” Tallamy’s epiphany came in 2000 after he and his wife began clearing their new 10-acre property in southeastern Pennsylvania. At least 35 percent of the vegetation on their land was aggressive non-native plant species that were crowding out their native plants. While attacking the invaders, he noticed a striking pattern: The “introduced” or non-native plants had very little or no leaf damage, while the native species were well-eaten.
After checking scientific literature, he discovered something that no one had considered: If native insects cannot eat, then insect populations are reduced, hence less food for birds and other animals. Native insects can eat only the local native plants with which they have evolved. Introduced plants can come from another continent or another region in the United States.
“The big thing that I connected is the insect component,” Tallamy said. “Without enough food for insects, the bottom falls out of the entire food web, which is nature’s system of interlocking and interdependent food chains.
“The majority of entomologists focus on how to eliminate insects from agriculture and from gardens. Most people don’t want insects, so homeowners try to eliminate them and then put out bird feeders to feed the birds. But birds rear their young primarily on insects, not seeds.
“With massive amounts of land converted for agriculture and suburbia, there is precious little habitat left for animals. All that remains are small islands of habitat throughout the United States. National parks and open spaces are not enough.
People must start thinking about landscaping, not only in terms of decoration but also in terms of contributing to the larger ecosystem.
Tallamy’s hope is that the success of the Parade Grounds, and the accompanying Demonstration Garden, will encourage Island homeowners to remove invasive plants from their properties and increase the percentage of native plants. This, in turn, will attract insects and the birds that eat them and help safeguard the ecosystems on which we all depend.
Tallamy has about 100 speaking engagements and conferences every year. At the same time, he is writing another book, teaching graduate and under graduate students at University of Delaware, and conducting studies, including one to determine which native plants provide the most food for insects.
By Betty Ann Rubinow, Fishers Island Conservancy Board Member